Bharat Bhagya Vidhata

National Anthem of India

Jana-gaṇa-mana adhināyaka jaya he
Bhārata bhāgya vidhātā
Pañjāba Sindhu Gujarāṭa Marāṭhā
Drāviḍa Utkala Baṅga
Vindhya Himācala Yamunā Gaṅgā
Ucchala jaladhi taraṅga
Tava śubha nāme jāge
Tava śubha āśiṣa mānge
Gāhe tava jaya gāthā
Jana gaṇa maṅgala dāyaka jaya he
Bhārata bhāgya vidhāta
Jaya he, jaya he, jaya he
Jaya jaya jaya, jaya he


Thou art the ruler of the minds of all people,
Dispenser of India’s destiny.
Thy name rouses the hearts of Punjab, Sindhu, Gujarat and Maratha,
Of the Dravida and Odisha and Bengal;
It echoes in the hills of the Vindhyas and Himalayas,
mingles in the music of Yamuna and Ganga and is
chanted by the waves of the Indian Ocean.
They pray for thy blessings and sing thy praise.
The saving of all people waits in thy hand,
Thou dispenser of India’s destiny.
Victory, victory, victory to thee.

In my school days national anthem was part of everyday prayer without any exemption. Yet when it was asked to write down the anthem once, in a test for Moral Science, I forgot a line in between. Desperately, I tried to mentally recite the national anthem but just couldn’t get that one line even after several attempts. It is still a very frustrating memory about my weak memory that I could not write correctly what I sang every day. I think if I had sung the anthem knowing each and every word, this wouldn’t have happened. I don’t even remember of somebody explaining the words, do you? The anthem that describes the beauty of components of India is a mystery till date for many Indians with 22 diverse languages spoken in  the country.  How we are not bound to forget any of the stanza if while memorizing it, it never touched our heart strings?

Then comes this mail/post in the internet times questioning about who is the Dispenser of India’s destiny. It accuses Guru Rabindranath Tagore of writing this poem in praise of King George V of England and in return bagging a Nobel Prize for himself. The common sense part I feel missing here is if this was indeed written for George V, the King must have illusions about himself to believe any of the word in the anthem is for him. Really, all this parts of India and Indians are praising you for what? Looting our wealth and priceless heritage  consistently, oppressing , ruling and thinking very low of us ? Or did he love false praises like many of our today’s politicians?

Our National Anthem written by Guru Rabindranath Tagore in 1911, then just a song at that time of its creation is written in half Bengali and half Sanskrit. The Bharat Bhagya Vidhata here is the God, a force, an energy that is shaping the destiny of our country. 100 years on we should had a deliberate efforts to explain and educate people on the National Anthem. Otherwise how will it be different from any other holy chant, that we should be afraid of its sanctity and never love it for what it is?

Also those who still think that the dispenser of India’s destiny is unexplained, you can give a new definition to it in the new times. Let us participate and be the destiny shapers of the country, thank in gratitude to those who have been striving, dying while building the country. We pray for you, victory, victory, victory to thee.

The jigsaw pieces then fall in the right place.

Translation of Anthem, source : Wikipedia


2 thoughts on “Bharat Bhagya Vidhata

  1. I specifically agree with the last part of your mail. Yes, the past should be what keeps us grounded, but it should not be something that keeps us shackled. The past gives us strength and wisdom, but it cannot define us. It is upto us to define the present and influence the future. Hence, we should take what we should from the past, and define it newly for ourselves. I like our national anthem. I also like Vande Mataram. To make the two compete is a gross insult to both. And, even if Jana Gana Mana was written for the king, can’t we change who our king is now?

  2. Exactly Anish, and yeah strange why we want the national songs and even freedom fighters to run a race. You should tell your loyalty between Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel and Nehru and Tilak. You cant admire them all.

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